The city of Jodhpur was founded in the year 1459 AD by Suryavanshi Rao Jodha. One of the second largest cities of the state, Jodhpur once served as the capital of the princely state of Marwar. With the Mehrangarh Fort to one of its side and the wonderful Umaid Bhawan to its eastern side, Jodhpur the monuments, temples, and gardens boasts the multifarious grandeur of the city. Situated on the ancient silk route, which linked Central Asia and Northern part of India with the seaports of Gujarat, the city of Jodhpur served as a major trading port in the 16th century.
|Delhi 597 Kms.||Agra 568 Kms.||Ajmer 208 Kms.|
|Alwar 483 Kms.||Bharatpur 478 Kms.||Jaipur 340 Kms.|
|Jaisalmer 305 Kms.||Mt. Abu 326 Kms.||Ranthambhore 481 Kms.|
The Mehrangarh Fort is one of the largest forts in India, built in the year 1460 by Rao Jodha. Situated at a height of 410 feet, the fort features massive thick walls which act its boundaries. The fort comprises numerous palaces including the Moti Mahal, Sheesha Mahal, Phool Mahal, Sileh Khana and Daulat Khana. Moreover, the museum within the fort houses a great collection of the howdahs, palanquins, royal cradles, musical instruments, miniatures, the royal costumes and furniture. The fort offers breathtaking views of the entire city and also houses an old cannon.
The Umaid Bhawan palace of Jodhpur is one of the largest private residences in the world. Named after Maharaja Umaid Singh, the construction of the palace started in the year 1928 and was completed in 1943. The palace comprises 347rooms and serves as the prime residence of the erstwhile Royal family of Jodhpur. It is believed that the Palace was constructed to provide employment to the people of Jodhpur, when a drought hit the city following a curse by a saint. The palace is divided into three functional parts, the residence, the Taj palace hotel-owned by the Taj group, and museum which showcases the 20th century history of the city.
The Jaswant Thada is a centoph erected in the year 1899 by Maharaja Sardar Singh in the honor of his father-Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. A famous attraction site in Jodhpur, Jaswant Thada serves as the burial ground for the rulers of Marwar. Built completely out of marbles, the mausoleum is one of the most famous attractions of Jodhpur and visited by travelers for its amazing intricate architecture featuring extremely thin & polished marble sheets, which glow when illuminated by sunlight. The mausoleum grounds feature a small lake, tiered garden, and ced gazebos.
The Kaylana Lake is a famous attraction located at a distance of 8 km from Jodhpur. Built in the year 1190 Pratap Singh, the kalyana Lake is an artificial lake spread across an area of 84 kilometer square. The palace was constructed on the site of ancient palaces and gardens, which were then destroyed to ce way for the lake. Surrounded by igneous rock land formations the Kalyana Lake, the lake receives water from the hati nehar, which is connected to the Indra Gandhi canal. The natural vegetation nearby the lake comprise at Babool trees. The Kaylana Lake serves as the drinking water source to the residents of Jodhpur and nearby villages. Many migratory birds also visit Jodhpur during winter season especially the Siberian cranes.
The Balsamand Lake situated on the Jodhpur-Mandore Road is a popular picnic spot and noteworthy attraction of the city of Jodhpur situated 5 km from the main city. The lake was constructed by the Gurjara-Pratihara rulers in 1159 AD. The Lake with a length of 1 km, 50m width, and a depth of 15m, the lake was initially constructed as a water source to Madore. Later, the Balsamand Lake Palace was erected on the shores of the lake as a summer palace. The green gardens comprising tress like mango, papaya, guava, pomegranate, and plum add up to the beauty of this lake.