The Desert of Rajasthan is spread across the India and partly in Pakistan. Bordered by the Indus plains in the west, the Aravalli Ranges in the southeast, Punjab in the north & northeast, and the Rann of Kutch in the south, the desert of Rajasthan is spread across a vast area of 77,000 square miles. The Thar Desert of India comprise one of the five major physical divisions of the Indian landscape, the other being the great Himalayas, Central Plateau, Northern Plains, and the Eastern & Western Coastal Plains.
Spread across the western & northwestern parts of Rajasthan, some part of the desert can also be traced in the nearby states of Gujarat, Punjab and Haryana. The desert of Rajasthan comprise sandy plains, low barren hills, and high & low sand dunes etc., While the older dunes are stabilized with a height of 500 feet, others are in motion and keep on changing their shape and size. In addition to this, the desert also comprises saline lakes, called dhands. The Thar Desert usually receives low and erratic rainfall yearly and maximum rainfall is experienced in the months of July to September.
The vegetation at the desert usually comprise stunted scrub, sporadic trees, gum arabic acacia, euphorbia, and Prosopis cineraria. The fauna species inhibiting the region include black buck, chinkara and the birds found here include francolin, great bustard, and quail. Moreover, the region is also visited by migratory birds like the sand grouse, geese, and ducks. Rajasthan desert safari tours take you across the length & breadth of the desert. Explore this sandy highlight of the state and enjoy some of the most magical sunset views at Thar. Also, groove at the world’s most colorful fairs & festivals celebrated here.