The city of Chittorgarh, also called Chittaurgarh served as the capital of the Mewar from the 7th century till the 16th century. Chittaurgarh is the land of the Rajpuit rulers, the tales of whose heroism are still sung in the folklore of the state.
The ancient history of Chittorgarh dates back to the times of Mahabharata. It is believed that Bhim, one of the Pandavas visited this place to attain immortality and became a sage’s disciple. But, his impatience to perform all the rites deprived him from his goals, and out of sheer anger he stamped on the ground, which led to the creation of a water reservoir, called Bhimtal.
According to beliefs it is stated that Bappa Rawal, the founder of Sisodia clan received the city of Chittorgarh in the middle of 8th century after his marriage to a Solanki princess.
The land of Chittor is the homeland of brave men and women who laid down their lives for their land, and never bowed before the enemies and invaders who kept a bad eye on their land. The land has witnessed both the devastating wars, and the triumphs of the spirit. Besides its brave men, even the women of the state are known for their great heroism and spirit which refused to gave up before enemies. When Allaudin Khilji invaded the city in 1303 A.D. and coveted Queen Padmini of Chittaur. It was the brave spirit of the Queen and the other women that they sacrificed themselves in a pyre of fire rather than submitting to anybody.
|Delhi 573 Kms.||Agra 523 Kms..||Ajmer 197 Kms.|
|Alwar 197 Kms.||Bharatpur 457 Kms.||Jaipur 470 Kms.|
|Jaisalmer 310 Kms.||Jodhpur 321 Kms.||Mt. Abu 268 Kms|
|Ranthambhore 308 Kms.|
The Chittorgarh Fort is a famous World Heritage site and synonymous with Chittorgarh. Situated atop a 180-metre hill and spread across an area of 700 acres, the Chittorgarh Fort was constructed by the Mauryans in the 7th century AD. Moreover, it is also believed that the fort was constructed by Bhima-the second of the Pandavas. Ever since its construction, the fort has served as a citadel to many rulers and great Indian warriors like Gora, Rana Kumbha, Badal, Jaimal, Patta, Maharana Pratap, and others.
The Kalika Mata Temple was initially built in honor of the Sun God in the 8th century. It was during the 14th century that the temple was converted into a temple dedicated to Goddess Kali. A famous religious attraction of Chittorgarh and one of the Great holy Shakti Peethas, the temple is visited by numerous pilgrims and visitors who wish to pay their offerings to the deity. The temple enshrines three images of goddesses- the central image of the Kalika Mata, with the image of Goddess kali on the right and Bahucharamata on the left. Every year on the Chitra Sud 8, a fair is held at the temple which attracts a lot of pilgrims.
The Vijay Stambha is a famous nine storey tower built in 1440, by Maharana Kumbha to immortalize his victory over the Muslim rulers of Malwa & Gujarat. The 122 ft (37 m) high towers with a 10 ft (3.0 m) high base comprise sculptures & cings on the exterior walls of the tower. The top of the tower is accessible via a 157 steps and enjoy the nice views of the entire surroundings. The interior of the tower comprise of images of Gods, and weapons etc.
The Kirti Stambh is a 7 storied pillar constructed in the 12 century AD by a merchant, Biherwal Mahajan Sanaya of Digambar Jain sect. The tower is made in honor of the first Tirthankara of Jainism, Rishabha. Decorated with figures from the Jain Patheon, the tower also comprises 1.5meters high engraved idols of Shri Adinathji in Digambar style in each of its four corners. Moreover, many other small idols are engraved within the Stambh dedicated to the Jain lineage of deities.
The Rana Kumbha's Palace is the birthplace of Maharana Udai Singh, the founder of the city of Udaipur. It is a 15th century palace, where Rana Kumbha spent his life and is one of the most popular attractions famed for its charismatic architecture. It is also the place where Rani Meera Bai lived.